About Central Asia
Kyrgyzstan is a interior country that took place in the middle of Central Asia, bordering on Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It is located between latitudes 39° and 44° N, and longitudes between 68° and 80° E. It is situated more from the sea than any other country, and all its rivers flow into closed drainage systems which do not reach the sea. The rocky region of the Tian Shan covers over 80% of the country's territory. That is the reason why Kyrgyzstan is uncommonly referred to as "the Switzerland of Central Asia". Issyk-Kul Lake in the north-eastern Tian Shan is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and the second main alpine lake in the world after Titicaca in South America. The uppermost peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too mountain range, forming the Chinese border. Peak Jengish Chokusu, or Victory Peak at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point and is the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (22,966 ft) in the world. The runoff torrents from the mountains are regularly used for hydro-electricity.
Kyrgyzstan has a good amount of deposits of metals that are gold and rare earth metals. Due to the country's primarily rocky topography, less than 8% of the land can be educated, and this is captivated in the northern lowlands and the environs of the Fergana Valley.
Bishkek in the north is the capital and largest city of the republic, with roughly 1,5 million inhabitants. The second major one is the ancient town known as Osh, which is in the Fergana Valley near the border with Uzbekistan. The main river is named the Kara Darya, which flows west through the Fergana Valley into Uzbekistan. In the territory Uzbekistan it confluences with another major Kyrgyz river known as Naryn.
The confluence forms the Syr Darya river which is considered to be the biggest in Central Asia. The Chu River also briefly flows through Kyrgyzstan before entering Kazakhstan.
Flora and Fauna
Flora and fauna in Kyrgyzstan is very rich. Even though Kyrgyzstan occupies only about 0.04% of the world's land area which makes about 2% of the world's species of flora are found here and about 3% of the animal world is also indicated. Many of the species appear in the Red Book of Kyrgyzstan. To help defend the situation, the variety of wildlife, and their habitants, a network of National Parks and Reserves had been familiar.
The inborn population of Kyrgyzstan is the Kyrgyz (62%) and concomitantly the country is populated with the representatives of 80 distinct nations. The largest ethnic group is Russian, which is careful in terms of number to be one of the largest outside Russia. This is due to the fact that opening from the XIX century the Russians played an significant role in all spheres of life of this area. During the occupation of Central Asia thousands of Russian peasants were moved to the terrain of Kyrgyzstan. The conventional of them formed in the northern part of the country. An significant part of the Russian lives in the authority of Chuy and in the region of Issyk-Kul.
The second biggest minority in modern Kyrgyzstan are Uzbeks. They amount to 14.3% of the whole population of Kyrgyzstan which make about 768,000 people. The Uzbeks live in the southern part in Fergana valley in Osh oblast.
The Uzbeks in the South of Kyrgyzstan live throatily near the Kirgiz-Uzbek border. Their population is impressive in ancient cities of Osh making 49% and Uzgen which is 90%. Despite the individuality of their religion and alike culture, the collisions between the Kirgiz and Uzbeks on the interethnic basis happened twice in 1990 and 2010. Nowadays the situation is settled down.
With statement of independence in Kyrgyzstan a number of actions are being held to establish diplomatic and friendly relatives among all nations living in the region.